Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia): an invasive coastal species (PDF | 248 KB). species. University of Florida. Field and Greenhouse Trials Objective: To evaluate selected herbicides for beach vitex control. In 2004, free-living plants of beach vitex were detected on North Island, a coastal barrier island near Georgetown, South Carolina, that is accessible only by boat. Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. Leaf arrangement is opposite (Figure 3). Revised by John D. Byrd Jr., PhD, Extension/Research Professor, and Victor Maddox, PhD, Senior Research Associate, Plant and Soil Sciences. Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Discrimination in university employment, programs or activities based on race, color, ethnicity, sex, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as a U.S. veteran, or any other status protected by applicable law is prohibited. Fig. Beach vitex is fast-growing and drought- and salt-tolerant. 2005. Habitat. Before its introduction to the southern Atlantic Coast of the U.S., beach vitex had no history of invasiveness. Legal | Ethics Line | Policy about commercial endorsements | DAFVM | USDA | eXtension | Legislative Update: Miss. Fruit are round, ¼-inch wide, and purplish-black when ripe. 1. Google. Cousins, M.C., J. Briggs, C. Gresham, J. Whetstone, and T. Whitwell. It has a main taproot from which the runners (stolons) extend in a radiating pattern, like a skinny-legged starfish. The South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force has documented beach vitex at more than 115 locations along the South Carolina coast. Thus, displacing sea oats could impact beach mice. These treatments may also damage other broadleaf or grass plants, including some threatened dune species, so it is important to make careful and selective applications. Vitex rotundifolia, commonly known as Beach Vitex, is a perennial, invasive species of plant that was introduced to the southeastern United States in the mid- 1980s with hopes that it would stabilize coastal sand dunes.Beach Vitex grows quickly, has a high salt tolerance, travels well, and chokes out other (slower growing) native … ), and seaside panicum (Panicum hemitomon Schult.). Because of its invasive nature, beach vitex crowds out native dune plants such as sea oats (Uniola latifolia L.), American beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata Fern. Plants should be removed before fruit ripening to avoid seed dispersal. The herbicides listed in Table 1 are effective for controlling a wide range of woody broadleaf and some grassy plants. Print This Page Beach Vitex Beach Vitex - a Pretty but Invasive Plant Threatening Native Dune Plants and Sea Turtles Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia) is a deciduous, woody vine from Japan and Korea that was introduced to the southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980s as an ornamental landscape plant as well as for sand dune stabilization.Along the gulf coast, beach vitex … In the Midsouth, beach vitex has escaped in Alabama, and mapping efforts are underway to determine if it exists in other Midsouth states. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. With all foliar treatments, a nonionic surfactant should be added to the spray solution at 1–2 quarts per 100 gallons spray solution. Beach vitex covers a secondary dune on the Isle of Palms near Charleston, SC. National Invasive Species Information Center, Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System (EDDMapS) - Beach Vitex. Beach vitex is still sold and used as an ornamental, which is another means of dispersal. Beach Vitex (BV) (Vitex rotundifolia-L. f.) has become a major invasive plant in the fragile beach ecosystems of the Carolinas.This prostrate, salt tolerant shrub from the Pacific Rim was introduced to the southeastern United States as a landscape plant. Its range includes continents and islands stretching from India east to Hawaii and from Korea south to Australia. All rights reserved. Beach vitex spreading from beach front properties on Pawleys Island, SC. §25-61-19. 2010. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. USDA, NRCS. Imazapyr (Habitat) was effective either applied as foliage spray or as a cut stem treatment. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. Challenge: Beach vitex was introduced to the Southeastern United States in the mid-1990s for use as an orna-mental and for beach stabilization. On January 18, 2007, the Town Council approved the Beach Vitex Eradication Program and passed the ordinance regarding Beach Vitex (see below).To learn more about beach vitex:www.beachvitex.orgBEACH VITEX ERADICATION PROGRAMIf a Kure Beach property owner finds Beach Vitex … Beach vitex is in the mint family. 2010). USDA. Seeds float and can be carried in longshore currents and waves to other beaches. GARY B. JACKSON, Director. Vitex rotundifolia, the roundleaf chastetree [1] or beach vitex is a species of Vitex that is native to seashores throughout the Pacific. Though we are not aware of any beach vitex growing on the fore dune in the panhandle, if it does it could impact sea turtle nesting. It is listed as a State Noxious Weed by the North Carolina Department of … The .gov means it’s official.Federal government websites always use a .gov or .mil domain. No physical control methods are widely used in the United States. It also occurs along the North Carolina coast and was recently observed on a beach in Alabama. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), a deciduous, woody vine from the Pacific Rim now invading the South Carolina coastlines, is also damaging turtle nesting sites. Beach vitex is a vine that grows along the surface of sandy areas, like dunes. This research focused on controlling beach vitex with foliar or cut stem applications of herbicides. Very little research has been done to evaluate the effectiveness of herbicides on beach vitex. The Beach Vitex “invasion” has become so bad that South Carolina developed a Vitex Task Force to deal with the … Originally written by Maddox; Randy Westbrooks, PhD, former Invasive Species Specialist, U.S. Geological Survey; Byrd; and Betsy Brabson, South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force, Georgetown, SC. Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia), is a deciduous woody vine from the Pacific Rim, that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. in the mid-1980's for beach stabilization. Stems root along their length, forming a mat on the sand. Mississippi State University is an equal opportunity institution. However, simpleleaf vitex is upright and shrubby, while beach vitex is a prostrate, sprawling shrub (Figure 2). Assessments are now being conducted to determine if the plant should be regulated by federal or state plant regulatory agencies. During the past 25 years, erosion has claimed about 1,200 acres from four primary barrier islands in the Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge nature north of Charleston, according to statistics … Currently, beach vitex blankets a number of oceanfront dunes in … Beach vitex, man hyung ja (Korea), hamagou (Japanese), dan ye man jing (Chinese) Habitat and Description. 2. It has escaped from cultivation in the Southeastern U.S., with free-living populations in Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Florida (suspected). The plant should be directed to the lower 48 States, but several species of leaf! Break off during high tides, float away, root, and chaste... Ecosystems of the U.S., beach vitex cultivation: a potential invasive ornamental ( |! L.F. ) is a salt-tolerant, perennial, invasive shrub that has naturalized in coastal areas of U.S.. Http: //plants.usda.gov, 15 November 2007 ), P.O however, the larger stems may require limbing... 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